Biosystems Bilirubin Total And Direct

Biosystems Bilirubin Total And Direct 

Biosystems Bilirubin Total And Direct

Biosystems Bilirubin Total And Direct , each run should include assayed normal and abnormal controls. If commercial controls are not available it is recommended that known value samples be aliquoted.

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Biosystems Bilirubin Total And Direct 

INTRODUCTION

Bilirubin is mainly formed from the heme portion of aged or damaged RBC’S. It then combines with albumin to form a complex which is not water soluble. This is referred to as indirect or unconjugated Bilirubin. In the liver this Bilirubin complex is combined with glucuronic acid into a water soluble conjugate. This is referred to as conjugated or direct Bilirubin. Elevated levels of bilirubin are found in liver diseases

(Hepatitis, cirrhosis), excessive hemolysis / destruction of RBC (hemolytic jaundice) obstruction of the biliary tract (obstructive jaundice) and in drug induced reactions. The differentiation between the direct and indirect bilirubin is important in diagnosing the cause of

hyperbilirubinemia.

METHOD PRINCIPLE

Bilirubin reacts with diazotized sulphanilic acid to form a coloured azobilirubin compound. The unconjugated bilirubin couples with the sulphanilic acid in the presence of caffein – benzoate accelerator. The intensity of the colour formed is directly proportional to the amount of bilirubin present in the sample.

Biosystems Bilirubin Total And Direct 

DMSO

Bilirubin + Diazotized Sulphanilic acid + Sodium Nitrite ………>

Azobilirubin Compound

DIRECT BILIRUBIN

Bilirubin + Diazotized Sulphanilic acid + Sodium Nitrite ………>

Azobilirubin Compound

REAGENTS

Biosystems Bilirubin Total And Direct 

BILIRUBIN BILIRUBIN

R1-Direct Reagent

1 x 50 ml

1 x 100 ml

R2-Direct Nitrite

1 vial

1 vial

R3-Total Reagent

1 x 50 ml

1 x 100 ml

R4-Total Nitrite

1 vial

1 vial

Working reagent preparation and stability

The reagents are stable at at R.T till expiry date printed on the package.

Concentrations in the test

TOTAL BILIRUBIN DIRECT BILIRUBIN

Sulphanilic acid – 32 mmol/l

Sulphanilic acid

– 32 mmol/l

Conc. HCL      – 165 mmol/L

Conc. HCL

– 165 mmol/L

Sodium Nitrite    – 290 mmol/L

Sodium Nitrite

– 290 mmol/L

DMSO         –  7 mmol/L

DMSO

– NIL

Warnings and notes

Product for in vitro diagnostic use only.

Reagents are ready to use. Do not pipette with mouth

ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT
  • •        automatic analyzer or photometer able to read at 546 nm

  • •        thermostat at 25°C or 37°C;

  • •        general laboratory equipment;

  • SPECIMEN

Serum. Bilirubin is reported to be stable in the sample for 4 days at 2-8C. protected from light as it is photosensitive.

PROCEDURE

These reagents may be used both for manual assay and in several automatic analysers.

Applications for them are available on request.

Manual procedure – Direct Bilirubin

Biosystems Bilirubin Total And Direct 

wavelength temperature cuvette

Pipette into the cuvette:

546 nm

25°C/37°C

1 cm

Addition Sequence

Blank (B)

Test (T)

R1 Direct Reagent

1000 pl

1000 pl

R2 Direct Nitrite

20 pl

Sample

50 pl

50 pl

Mix well and incubate at R.T. for exactly 5 min. Measure absorbance of the Test Samples (Abs.T) immediately against their respective Blanks within 8 mins.

Manual procedure – Total Bilirubin

wavelength

546 nm

temperature

25°C/37°C

cuvette

1 cm

Pipette into the cuvette:

Addition Sequence

Blank (B)

Test (T)

R3 Total Reagent

1000 pl

1000 pl

R4 Total Nitrite

20 pl

Sample

50 pl

50 pl

Mix well and incubate at R.T. for exactly 5 min. Measure absorbance of the Test Samples (Abs.T) immediately against their respective Blanks within 8 mins.

Calculation

Total or Direct Bilirubin in mg/dl = (Abs.T – Abs.B) X 20.20 (Factor)

REFERENCE VALUES

Serum

value

Direct Bilirubin

upto 0.3 mg/dl

Total Bilirubin

upto 1.0 mg/dl

It is recommended for each laboratory to establish its own reference ranges for local population.

Biosystems Bilirubin Total And Direct 
QUALITY CONTROL

To ensure adequate quality control, each run should include assayed normal and abnormal controls. If commercial controls are not available it is recommended that known value samples be aliquoted, frozen and used as controls.

Bilirubin T&D (EP) page 1

PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS

Linearity: The procedure is linear up to 20 mg/dl. If values exceed this limit, dilute the sample with distilled water and repeat the assay. Calculate the value using the proper dilution factor.

WASTE MANAGEMENT

Please refer to local legal requirements.

Biosystems Bilirubin Total And Direct 

NOTE

1. In case of Cuvette Volume is more than 1.0 ml requisite volume of reagents and sample can be multiplied keeping reagent to sample ratio same.

2. Sequence of reagent addition should be followed strictly as per the procedure.

SYSTEM PARAMETERS

 

LITERATURE

1. Jendrassik, L., Grof, P., (1938) Biochem. 2,297:81

 

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